Thursday, May 15, 2008

the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Was Crushed Today in 1943

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising May 16

Polish history

A family marching at the head of a column of Jews on their way to be deported during the Warsaw …[Credits : © National Archives/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum]resistance by Polish Jews under Nazi occupation in 1943 to the deportations from Warsaw to the Treblinka extermination camp. The revolt began on April 19, 1943, and was crushed four weeks later, on May 16.

As part of Adolf Hitler’s “final solution” for ridding Europe of Jews, the Nazis established ghettos in areas under German control to confine Jews until they could be executed. The Warsaw ghetto, enclosed at first with barbed wire but later with a brick wall 10 feet (3 metres) high and 11 miles (18 km) long, comprised the old Jewish quarter of Warsaw. The Nazis herded Jews from surrounding areas into this district until by the summer of 1942 nearly 500,000 of them lived within its 840 acres (340 hectares); many had no housing at all, and those who did were crowded in at about nine people per room. Starvation and disease (especially typhus) killed thousands each month.

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved May 15, 2008, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online:

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