Wednesday, May 14, 2008

It's Israel's birthday -- today in history

A vast influx of Jewish immigrants into the region caused tension with the native Palestinian Arabs, and violence flared between the two groups leading up to the United Nations plan to partition Palestine into Jewish and Palestinian sectors and Israel’s ensuing declaration of statehood on May 14, 1948.



Official nameMedinat Yisraʾel (Hebrew); Isrāʾīl (Arabic) (State of Israel)
Form of governmentmultiparty republic with one legislative house (Knesset [120])
Chief of statePresident
Head of governmentPrime Minister
Capital (proclaimed)Jerusalem; international recognition of its capital status has largely been withheld
Official languagesHebrew; Arabic
Official religionnone


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